What is the meaning of “landslide”? read these important facts and be causious!

kdh hEula we;sùug fmr we;s úh yels ,laIK fudkjdo@@ 

kdhhEï j,lajd .ekSug wm l, hq;af;a l=ulao@

What is the meaning of “landslide”
@


kdh heula‌ isÿùu i|yd mia‌ iy tys mj;sk o%jHj, jHdlD;s m%;Hd n,h ^Shear stress&" jHdlD;s m%n,;dj ^Shear strenght& bla‌uúh hq;= h' fujeks ;;a;ajhla‌ ishÆ u l÷ nEjqïj, isÿ fkd jk w;r ta i|yd tys mj;sk mia‌j, ia‌jNdjh ^Clay mineralogy& m%Odk f,ig u n,mdkq ,nhs' fï úfYaIs; mia‌j, m%Odk ,la‌IKh jkqfha wêl f,i c,h Wrdf.k tys m%udKh úYd, ùu ^Swelling& jk w;r tajdfha wka;¾.; jk Lksc o%jHj, m%udKh ie,lSfï § 50]lg jeä m%udKhla‌ uhsfl%dak 2lg jvd wvq úYd,;ajhlska hqla‌; ùu lemS fmfka'



fujeks Swelling Clay j¾. lsysmhla‌ Y%S ,xldfõ § wmg yuq jk w;r b,hsÜ‌ ^illite&" fldfhd,skhsÜ‌ ^Kaolinite& iy fudkaáfudßf,dkhsÜ‌ ^montmorillonite& tajd w;r m%Odk fõ' fujeks Lksc iys; nEjqï" wêl j¾Idj;a iu. c,h Wrdf.k ix;Dma; jk w;r tajdfha mßudj jeä ùu iy tlS ud;D mdIdK ^Bed rock& iu. we;s >¾IK n,h ^Friction& wvq ù c, myr;a iu. my<g .,d tau isÿ fõ'


fuf,i isÿ jk kdh heï m%Odk wdldr lsysmhls'


weojeàu ^Slump& - nEjqul mj;sk mdIdK fyda mia‌ tys wj;, u;=msg Èf.a my<g weojeàu fufia y÷kajkq ,efí'


mdIdK m;kh ^Rock Fall& - l÷ nEjqul mj;sk ud;D mdIdK ^Bed rock& fldgia‌ fjka ù ksoyfia my<g m;s; ùu'
mdIdK rEgkh ^Rock slide& - nEjqul mj;sk fjka jQ ud;D mdIdK úYd, m%udKhla‌ la‌IKslj my<g .uka lsÍu'
iqkanqka m;kh ^Debris fall& - nEjqul mj;sk mdIdK" 

wjidÈ; o%jH ^Sediments& iy jDla‌I,;dÈh ksoyfia my<g m;s; ùu'

iqkanqka .e,Su ^Debris flow& - wiïmSä; ^Unconsolidated& mdxYq ix>gl Èh myrla‌ Tia‌fia my<g .,d heu'


we§ heu ^Creep& - nEjqul b;d fiñka my<g isÿ jk ixp,khka jk w;r th y÷kd.; yela‌fla myka lKq" ÿrl:k reyeka lKq" ;dmam jeks fohl isÿ jk we, ùulsks'


l=uk wdldrhl kdh heula‌ jqj o isÿ ùug kï fmr i|yka l< mßÈ mia‌ iy tys wvx.= ix>gl j, jHdlD;s m%;Hd n,h" jHdlD;s m%n,;dj bla‌uúh hq;= h' fï i|yd n,mdk m%Odk idOl ia‌jdNdúl ^Nataral& iy udkj l%shdldrlï ^Human activities& f,i fldgia‌ follg oela‌úh yels w;r kdh heï i|yd m%Odk;u fya;= idOlh njg m;a ù we;af;a udkj l%shdldrlï nj ukdj meyeÈ,s h'


iajdNdúl fya;=


•    NQñfha wkql%ukh fyj;a ;Sj%;djh


NQñ m%foaYhla m%Odk fldgia mylska iukaú;h';eks;,d"uo nEjqï"uOHia; nEjqï"o, nEjqï"b;d uo o, nEjqï jYfhks'cd;sl f.dvke.s,s m¾fhaIK wdh;khg wkqj nEjqï wxYl15-40 w;r nEjqï m%foaYj, Y%s ,xldfõ kdhhEï we;s fõ'Ma w;ßka 20-30 w;r m%foaYj, jeäfhka kdh hk nj olajhs'


•    l÷ nEjqfï NQ úoHd;aul ,laIK


l÷ nEjqul bß;e,Sï"úfNao l=ia;=r"wd§ idOl kdhhEu i|yd fya;= fõ'jfYaIfhka u fudfydr nEjqïj, mdofhys msysgd we;s nEjqï ks¾udKh ù we;af;a Bg by<ska msysgd we;s mdIdK ÔrKfhka b;sß jQ fldgia wdY%fhks'fïjd fyd¢ka taldnoaO ù fkduw;s w;r"ia:djr fkdfõ'wêl j¾Idm;khla we;s wjia:dj, fuu nEjqï fldgi ix;Dma; ù kdhhEï we;s lrhs'


•    l÷ nEjqfï jDlaI,;djrKh


jDlaI,;d wdjrKhla iys; m%foaYj,g j¾Idj ,efnk úg jeys ìxÿ Ydl u;g jeà l%ufhka ìug m;s; fõ'búg mdxYq Ldokh md,kh fõ' jDlaI,;d wdjrKh bj;a jq úg jeis c,h fl,skau fmdf<dj u;g m;s; ù b;d fõ.fhka mdxYq Ldokh isÿ fõ'


•     j¾Idm;kfha m%udKh yd ;Sj%;djh


wêl ;Sj%;djhla iys; j¾Idm;khla È.= ld,hla ;siafia ,enqkfyd;a th kdhhEï flfrys n,mEula we;s lrhs'wêl j¾Idm;khla ,eîu ksid l÷ nEjqfï ÔrKdjfYaI wê ix;Dma; ^Over Saturation&njg m;a fõ' th kdhhEug wjYH jgmsgdj ilia lsÍuls'


•    NQñ lïmd we;s ùu


NQñlïmdjla ksid we;sjk lïmk ;rx. mDIaGh u;=msg .uka lsÍu ksid wod, m%foaYfha nEjqï m%foaY o p,khg ,la fõ'tjeks wjia:djl l÷ nEjqfï mj;sk mdIdK fldgia .e,ù laIKslj my<g lvd jeáh yelsh'


udkj l%shdldrlï


•    jkdka;r úkdYh


ck ixLHdj iS>%fhka jeä ùu iu. Tjqkaf.a wjYH;djhka imqrd .ekSu i|yd jkdka;r úkdY lrk ,§'Ydl j, uq,a u.ska mia ne| ;nd .kS'thska tys fN!;sl ;;ajh yd hdka;%sl Yla;sh jeä fõ'tfy;a jk úkdYh ksid mfia nEjqï j, ia:dhs;djh wvq ù mia wia:dhs fõ'túg jeiai wd úg fuu mia ia;r .e,ù hdug f,dl= yelshdjla ,efí'o< nEjqïj, ÿïfld< j.dj fukau wúêu;a f;a j.dj;a kdhhEug fya;= fõ'


•    wl%uj;a bÈ lsÍï


ñksiqka ;ukag ksjdi ;ekSug NQñh ys.jQ ksid l÷lr m%foaYj, ksjdi yok ,§'wxYl90 nEjqu lmd ksjdi ye§u ksid kdhhEu nyq,h'


•    NQñh u;=msg c,h .,d hdug ndOd we;s ùu


l%udkql+,j ilid we;s c, m%jdyk moaO;shla we;akï c,h .,d hdu l%uj;a fõ'


•    lD;Su msmsrùï we;s lsÍu


l¿.,a jevm,j, vhskuhsÜ fhdod msmsrùï lrhs'tu.ska we;s lrk lïmkh NQñlïmdjlska isÿjk l%shdj,shg iudkh'ÔrKdjfYaI ;Ügqj msmsÍu ksid fi,ùulg ,la úh yelsh'ÔrKdjfYaI ;Ügq w;r taldnoaO;djh ke;s ùu kdh hdug fya;= fõ'


•    wúêu;a j.d l%u yd wkqÑ; j.djka


fï ksid c,h .,dhdug ndOd we;s fõ'w;S;fha isg l÷lrfha j.djka i|yd fhdod .;af;a fy,au¿ j.d l%uhhs'kuq;a wo ÿïfld<"t<j¿ wd§ j.djka j,§ fï l%uh fhdod fkd.kS'fuh c,h nei hdug ndOdjla jk w;r fï ksid mdxYq Ldokh nyq,h'


•    merKs kdh ìï Ndú;hg .ekSu


tla wjia:djl§ kdh .sh m%foaYhla kej; kdh hdug we;s m%jK;djh jeäh' Wod - 2003 j¾Ifha mqoa.,hka 60la muK ñh .sh r;akmqr we,md; m%foaYfha kdhhEu'


•    wúêu;a jk j.dj


kdhhEï nyq, m%foaY j, foaYSh Ydl fjkqjg úfoaYSh Ydl j.d lsÍu' Wod-mhskia j.dj


kdh hEula we;sùug fmr we;s úh yels ,laIK


•    l÷ nEjqï m%foaYj, meÆï we;sùu yd tajd l%ufhka mq¿,a fjñka .eUqre ùu'


•    l,ska ;snQ c, W,am;a is£ hdu yd fmr c, W,am;a fkd;snQ ;eka j,ska ysá yeáfha c, W,am;a u;= ùu'


•    l÷ nEjqfï we;s .ia"ÿrl;k lKq"úÿ,s lKq"l÷ nEjqfï my< m%foaYhg we,ùu'


•    fudfydr nEjqul mia ;Ügqj u; irejg jevqKq fmd,a"mqjla jeks Ydl laIKslj ueÍ hdu'


•    iaÒr f.dvke.s,s mqmqrd hdu'


•    iajdNdúl Èh W,am;a j,ska msgjk c,h uv iys; ùu'


•    wdmodjg ,la jk m%foaYfha ld,hla ;siafia wêl f,i weo yef,k j¾Idm;kh'


•    wdmodjg ,la jk m%foaYj, ;sfnk nEjqu"ud¾.j,"f.dvke.s,sj,"ksjdij, ì;a;sj, fyda bÈlsÍïj, yÈisfha me,Sï we;s ùu'


•    nEjqï j, .s,d neiSï"b,smamSï"yÈisfha c,h u;= ùu'


•    .x.d wdY%s; m%foaYj, i;=kaf.a yd mlaISkaf.a widudkHh wiajdNdúl yeisÍu'


kdhhEï j,lajd .ekSug wmg l, yels foa


•    kdhhEï j,g wjOdkula we;s l÷ nEjqï j, ñksia lghq;= md,kh l< hq;=h'ta hgf;a wl%uj;a bÈ lsÍï isÿ lsÍu"j.d lghq;= lsßu jeks oE md,kh l< hq;=h'


•    fmdf<dj u;=msg c,h r|d fkdisg myiqfjka nei hdu msKsi ldKq moaO;shla ia:dms; l< hq;=h'fuu ldKq m%Odk we< ud¾.hg iïnkaO jk fia ifudaÉP f¾Ldjka Tiafia lemsh hq;=h'


•    l÷ nEjqu wdY%s;j lrk j.djka j,§ c,h ksis f,i nei hk wdldrhg ieliSu'


•    merKs kdhhEï ìï y÷kd‍f.k tu ìï ms<sn|j ck;dj oekqj;a lsÍug is;shï ks¾udKh lsÍu'


•    kdhhEï j,g ,la jQ m%foaYj, mdxYq ia;rh wdrlaId lsÍu i|yd .ia je,a frdmKh lsÍu'


•    nEjqu u; ÔrKdjfYaI ;Ügqfõ taldnoaO;djh we;s lsÍu i|yd foaYSh Ydl ifudaÉP jeá f,i jeùu'


•    kdhhEï mQ¾j ,laIK y÷kdf.k mQ¾j wk;=re we.ùfï l%shd mámdáhla rg ;=< ia:dms; lsÍu'


•    kdhhEfï § my;g ,siaid hk ìfuys ysi bj;a lr ^uqÿkq lmd&NQñfha nr wvq lsÍu iy ukd c,jyk rgdjla we;s lsÍu'fuys§ c,h ksis wdldrfhka nei hk wdldrhg ldkq moaO;shla ia:dms; l< hq;=h'


•    kdhhEï j,g f.dÿre úh yels m%foaY y÷kdf.k tu m%foaYj, Ôj;ajk ck;djg úl,am ksjdi yd bvï ,nd §u'


•    jk úkdYh wju lsÍu'


Wmqgd .eksu - úÿir
What is the meaning of “landslide”? read these important facts and be causious! What is the meaning of “landslide”? read these important facts and be causious! Reviewed by Dasun Sucharith on 11:34:00 PM Rating: 5

No comments:

Loading...
Powered by Blogger.